Slide 1: Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Warfare

Slide 2: The Anglo-Saxon’s were a group who descended from three main Germanic tribes; the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes. Angelo-Saxon warfare was most popular during the fifth to eleventh centuries in medieval England. The technology and tactics closely resembled that of the surrounding countries of the Middle Ages.

Slide 3: A typical Anglo-Saxon warrior usually had a helmet, a spear or sword, a seaxe, a sturdy shield, a bow and sling, and protective armor. Helmets on warriors were rare, those who usually only wore them were chiefs or kings and were ornately decorated. The spear was more common in battle than the sword, it was used as a missile or in hand-to-hand combat. Swords were more expensive and were only used by the wealthier of soldiers. A seaxe was a small knife, used mostly as a last resort as a handheld weapon. A warrior’s shield was usually constructed of wood banded in leather or metal. The bow and sling were also rare weapons; the Anglo-Saxons mostly liked to pursue hand-to-hand combat and did not favor attacks by a far range. The earliest Anglo-Saxons probably did not wear armor, or at most some form of leather jerkin.

Slide 4: Some important battles were the Battle of Maldon and the Battle of Mons Badonicus. The Battle of Maldon was between a group of Vikings led by Olaf Tryggvasson who invaded an Anglo-Saxon group in the Blackwater Estuary in Essex and in the adjacent wheat fields nearby. The two armies arranged themselves in a wheat field and commenced battle. The Vikings were claimed victorious.

Slide 5: The Battle of Mons Badonicus was a battle between a group of combatants who were either Romano-British, Celtic, or from both groups who brutally attacked a group of Anglo-Saxons. A warrior chief, Cuthwulf, defeated the British at Bedcanford and took their four towns of Limbury, Avlesbury, Benson, and Eynsham later in the 6th century, thus breaking the British wedge between the Anglo-Saxon communities.

Slide 6: It was not very common for women to suit up and join in battles. DNA studies of corpses in an Anglo-Saxon village at Heslerton, North Yorkshire (AD 450-650) found that two bodies buried with spear and knife are women and the body of an Anglo Saxon woman (circa 500AD) with a dagger and shield was also found. Kahula, an army commander joined her forces with another female commander, Wafeira, who together turned back a Greek army.

Slide 7: Explain bibliography & sources.