Voc 1 1A Voc1 2A Voc1 4A
Voc1 1B Voc1 3B Voc1 4B
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Vocabulary 1

1. Abetverb (used with object), a⋅bet⋅ted, a⋅bet⋅ting. to encourage, support, or countenance by aid or approval, usually in wrongdoing: to abet a swindler; to abet a crime.
Related forms: a⋅bet⋅ment, a⋅bet⋅tal, noun
Synonyms: help, aid, assist; promote. Antonyms: hinder, discourage.
2. anathemanoun, plural -mas.
1. a person or thing detested or loathed
2. a person or thing accursed or consigned to damnation or destruction.
3. a formal ecclesiastical curse involving excommunication.
4. any imprecation of divine punishment.
5. a curse; execration.
–noun an exchange of light, playful, teasing remarks; good-natured raillery.
–verb (used with object) to address with banter; chaff.
–verb (used without object) to use banter.
Related forms: ban⋅ter⋅er, noun ban⋅ter⋅ing⋅ly, adverb
Synonyms: 1. badinage, joking, jesting, pleasantry, persiflage. 2. tease, twit; ridicule, deride, mock.
4. castigate –verb (used with object), -gat⋅ed, -gat⋅ing.
1. to criticize or reprimand severely.
2. to punish in order to correct.
Related forms: cas⋅ti⋅ga⋅tion, noun cas⋅ti⋅ga⋅tive, cas⋅ti⋅ga⋅to⋅ry adjective cas⋅ti⋅ga⋅tor, noun
Synonyms: 1. scold, reprove. 2. discipline, chastise, chasten.
5. coerce –verb (used with object), -erced, -erc⋅ing.
1. to compel by force, intimidation, or authority, esp. without regard for individual desire or volition
2. to bring about through the use of force or other forms of compulsion; exact: to coerce obedience.
3. to dominate or control, esp. by exploiting fear, anxiety, etc.
Related forms: co⋅erc⋅er, noun co⋅er⋅ci⋅ble, adjective
6. divulgeverb (used with object), -vulged, -vulg⋅ing.
to disclose or reveal (something private, secret, or previously unknown).
Related forms: di⋅vulge⋅ment, noun di⋅vulg⋅er, noun
Synonyms: reveal
7. docile –adjective
1. easily managed or handled; tractable: a docile horse.
2. readily trained or taught; teachable.
Related forms: doc⋅ile⋅ly, adverb do⋅cil⋅i⋅ty, noun Synonyms: manageable, malleable; obedient.
8. dogmatic –adjective
1. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a dogma or dogmas; doctrinal.
2. asserting opinions in a doctrinaire or arrogant manner; opinionated. Also, dog⋅mat⋅i⋅cal.
Related forms: dog⋅mat⋅i⋅cal⋅ly, adverb dog⋅mat⋅i⋅cal⋅ness, noun
Synonyms: arbitrary, imperious, dictatorial.
9. emaciated –adjective abnormal thinness caused by lack of nutrition or by disease.
Synonyms: thin, wasted, puny, gaunt, haggard, scrawny.
10. extraneous –adjective
1. introduced or coming from without; not belonging or proper to a thing; external; foreign: extraneous substances in our water.
2. not pertinent; irrelevant: an extraneous remark; extraneous decoration.
Related forms: ex⋅tra⋅ne⋅ous⋅ly, adverb ex⋅tra⋅ne⋅ous⋅ness, noun
Synonyms: 1. extrinsic, adventitious, alien. 2. inappropriate, nonessential, superfluous. Antonyms: 1. intrinsic. 2. pertinent, relevant
11. gauche –adjective lacking social grace, sensitivity, or acuteness; awkward; crude; tactless
Related forms: gauchely, adverb gaucheness, noun
Synonyms: inept, clumsy, maladroit; coarse, gross, uncouth.
12. gregarious –adjective
1. fond of the company of others; sociable.
2. living in flocks or herds, as animals.
3. Botany. growing in open clusters or colonies; not matted together.
4. pertaining to a flock or crowd.
Related forms: gre⋅gar⋅i⋅ous⋅ly, adverb gre⋅gar⋅i⋅ous⋅ness, noun
Synonyms: social, genial, outgoing, convivial, companionable, friendly, extroverted.
13. heresy –noun, plural -sies.
1. opinion or doctrine at variance with the orthodox or accepted doctrine, esp. of a church or religious system.
2. the maintaining of such an opinion or doctrine.
3. Roman Catholic Church. the willful and persistent rejection of any article of faith by a baptized member of the church.
4. any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs, customs, etc.
Synonyms: dissent, iconoclasm, dissension.
14. ignominy –noun, plural -min⋅ies for 2.
1. disgrace; dishonor; public contempt.
2. shameful or dishonorable quality or conduct or an instance of this.
Synonyms: disrepute, discredit, shame, obloquy, opprobrium, disgrace Antonyms: credit, honor
15. insipid –adjective
1. without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualities; vapid: an insipid personality.
2. without sufficient taste to be pleasing, as food or drink; bland: a rather insipid soup.
Related forms: in⋅si⋅pid⋅i⋅ty, in⋅sip⋅id⋅ness, noun in⋅sip⋅id⋅ly, adverb
Synonyms: flat, dull, uninteresting, tasteless, bland.
16. jaundiced –adjective
1. affected with or colored by or as if by jaundice: jaundiced skin.
2. affected with or exhibiting prejudice, as from envy or resentment: a jaundiced viewpoint.
Synonyms: resentful, envious, jealous, embittered.
17. libation –noun
1. a pouring out of wine or other liquid in honor of a deity.
2. the liquid poured out.
3. Often Facetious.
a. an intoxicating beverage, as wine, esp. when drunk in ceremonial or celebrative situations.
b. an act or instance of drinking such a beverage.
Related forms: li⋅ba⋅tion⋅al, li⋅ba⋅tion⋅ar⋅y, adjective
18. meticulous –adjective
1. taking or showing extreme care about minute details; precise; thorough: a meticulous craftsman; meticulous personal appearance.
2. finicky; fussy: meticulous adherence to technicalities.
Related forms: me⋅tic⋅u⋅lous⋅ly, adverb me⋅tic⋅u⋅lous⋅ness, me⋅tic⋅u⋅los⋅i⋅ty
Synonyms: exact, strict, scrupulous painstaking Antonyms: careless
19. motley –adjective
1. exhibiting great diversity of elements; heterogeneous: a motley crowd.
2. being of different colors combined; parti-colored: a motley flower border.
3. wearing a parti-colored garment: a motley fool.
4. a combination of different colors.
5. a parti-colored effect.
6. the parti-colored garment of a jester.
7. a heterogeneous assemblage.
8. a medley.
Synonyms: varied, mixed, incongruous.
20. temerity –noun reckless boldness; rashness.
Synonyms: audacity, effrontery, foolhardiness.