Katie Morrissey
Donnovan Garnett
Ivan Mote
Period 2

Anglo-Saxon Weaponry

Helmets: They were used to protect faces, and heads during battles. They were made of brass and steel. Helmets had head guards, cheek flaps, and two small holes for the eyes.

Shields: Most shields were made out of iron. They had a conical shaped piece in the middle of the shield to protect against hits from arrows. These were made out of wood or metal. The shield was held by a handle.

Armor: The main type of body armor called the mail. It was made out of thin strips of iron. It protected from the top of the head to below the knees. Oil made it more resistant to rust and made it stronger. There were holes in it for breathing.

Anglo-Saxon Housing and Architecture

Shannon Thomas, Joyce Auguste, Brianna Hixon, and Camelia Thompson

English 2 Honors
Lewis P.1A
Anglo-Saxon Housing and Architecture

I. Anglo-Saxon Houses
a. Their houses were built mainly with wood and straw, but they also used stone to build churches.
b. They layouts of their homes usually were square or rectangular, very few were round. Church layouts varied.
c. Their churches were mainly adaptations from Roman Christians.
i. One church that stands out for the Saxons was the church at Brixworth, Northamptonshire, it was built using Roman bricks and is about 100 ft long.
d. Their houses were built towards the sun so they could get heat and light from the sun.
e. The biggest building that the Saxons had was the Hall, it was where the chief and his warriors slept and stayed.
i. Related families stayed together in single houses, but everyone ate and socialized together in the Hall.
f. They lived near forests so they had an unlimited supply of wood to build their houses with.
g. They decorated their houses with carvings and paint.
i. They were Christians, so their churches and monasteries were especially decorated with paintings and symbols, relating back to Roman Christians.
h. The average building was about 1 floor and 1 room.
i. The most remaining Saxon buildings are located in the county of Kent and Northumbria.
j. Most buildings had a fire hole in the ceiling for the smoke to go out in.
k. They had sunken floors, and a pit, most likely used to store straw for the winter.
l. It is assumed that they had benches, tables and simple chairs for furniture inside their homes for the chiefs as well as to eat.
m. The Saxons didn’t have windows, but instead used thin animal skin over it to let light come through. Doors were very simple.

Works Cited

Early English Architecture, The Buildings of the Anglo-Saxons, 450 CE to 1066
Copyright 1996, 1998-2009 Octavia Randolph

Anglo-Saxon Architecture in England, Styles of architecture and design in England in the period 500-1066 © David Ross and Britain Express

Houses and Furniture, © Regia Anglorum Publications 2002

Anglo-Saxon England, The history of Anglo-Saxon England from the end of Roman Britain to the Norman invasion, including daily life, culture, and early Chritianity in Britain
Contents © David Ross and Britain Express

Anglo Saxon Houses, © Mandy Barrow, Woodlands Junior School